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9月5日雅思大作文真题参考范文:反社会行为现在越来越多的原因及解决办法

作者: 2020-09-09 09:46 来源:合肥编辑
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  2020年9月5日雅思大作文题目:反社会行为现在越来越多的原因及解决办法

  Today there is a great increase in anti-social behavior and lack of respect to others.What are the causes of this?What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?

  解析&审题

  题材:社会

  题型:report型

  关键词:Today+increase in anti-social behavior+lack of respect

  需要讨论的观点:反社会行为(不尊重他人)越来越多,原因何在?怎么解决?

  建议思路:从不同方面讨论原因及解决办法。

  复现情况:2010年1月30、2011年1月22(太古老了!)

  本周考题复现了2010年的一个原题,但是这个已经太古老了,估计很少的同学能够复习到原题。疫后8月份雅思共考了8次,除8月22日一道新题外,其余都是重复往次旧题,其中2次重复2013年,1次重复2014年,2次重复2015年,此外2018年和2019年各重复1次,这让如今的雅思考试写作与疫情一样,显得有些不可捉摸了。本周更加离谱,居然重复到2010年的旧题!

  因此,老雅的备考建议是:备考时不要过于寄希望遇到原题,应以提高实力(句子、用词、审题)和熟悉高分规律(结构、开头、举例、结尾)为备考重点。

  就本题而言,我们首先应该弄明白,what is anti-social behavior?反社会行为,可能有些同学狭隘地将其理解为犯罪行为,但实际上反社会行为要比犯罪行为的外延要大很多,它不仅包括犯罪行为,还包括诸如吸烟、吸毒、不尊重别人,甚至还包括孤僻、冷漠等行为。也就是说,反社会行为指的是“不与人交流,不尊重别人,自我隔离状态,与社会和他人格格不入,甚至侵害他人”的所有行为。如果考生仅将其理解为犯罪行为,就可能出现一定程度的偏题。

  此外,本题中还有一个不起眼的关键词“today”。既然是“现在”,那我们在分析中就要结合“现在”的特征,没有考虑“现在”特征而做的分析,也是偏题的。比如,如果考生将“人类本来就有反社会的心理倾向”作为一条理由来写,就是偏题的,因为这个心理倾向与“现在”无关。

  一旦我们正确地理解了关键词,那么,接下来的原因分析就比较容易。我们可以寻找物质原因(比如沉迷于电脑游戏),可以寻找心理原因(比如当今单亲家庭越来越多造成孩子长大后缺乏爱),可以寻找社会原因(比如现在这个社会生存压力巨大,无处不在的竞争使人与人之间的关系非常冷漠)。

  解决方法:鼓励大家走出虚拟世界,到现实世界交朋友;社区多组织活动,给人们提供相互交流的机会;提倡价值多元社会,让人人都能找到自我价值。可以看出,这些解决办法也是从个人、社区、社会多个角度来提出的。

  高分范文

  Contemporary world has witnessed the growing number of“lonely hearts”who would stay all by themselves rather than making friends with other people around them.They are generally cold,secluded,disrespectful,or even violent.They are,in one word,“anti-social”.

  Many people become anti-social because they are addicted to the virtual world enabled by the Internet.In this world,they find they can do almost everything,such as chatting,playing games,shopping,so they no longer think it necessary to interact with real people.Gradually they lose the interest in seeing people,and worse still,the ability to communicate with people.

  There are others who hate mixing with people simply because they are afraid of doing that.Such people are usually from broken families or single-parent families.Without the proper guidance from their parents,they often suffer from an inferior complex and do not feel at ease when they are working,or chatting,with others,so they always choose to isolate themselves from the rest of the world.The number of this kind of people are on the rise,as the divorce rate globally keeps going up nowadays.

  The more and more intense competition in today’s job market and work environment is also responsible.People tend to become hostile to each other when they are trying to secure a good job offer,or seeking an important promotion.In these cases,they show little respect to others.

  To deal with this negative development,the first thing to do is encourage people to go out of the Internet world and socialize with their neighbors,from which people will benefit a great deal more than their online experiences.The communities should create opportunities for people to interact with each other by organizing various kinds of events and activities.Finally,the situation would also be improved if all people were made to understand that a valuable life is not solely dependent upon a highly-paid job,but more on a harmonious relationship with other people.

  老师笔记

  01、Contemporary world has witnessed the growing number of“lonely hearts”who would stay all by themselves rather than making friends with other people around them.They are generally cold,secluded,disrespectful,or even violent.They are,in one word,“anti-social”.

  当代世界已经发现了越来越多的“孤独的心”,他们宁愿独自一人而不愿与周围的人交朋友。他们通常冷漠、幽僻、无礼,甚至暴力。一句话,他们是“反社会的”。

  解析

  (1)本段描写antisocial这个现象。report题型的段都是描写题目中提出的现象或者问题,一般不标明观点。

  (2)Witness见证

  (3)Secluded隔离的;孤僻的

  (4)Disrespectful无礼的

  02、Many people become anti-social because they are addicted to the virtual world enabled by the Internet.In this world,they find they can do almost everything,such as chatting,playing games,shopping,so they no longer think it necessary to interact with real people.Gradually they lose the interest in seeing people,and worse still,the ability to communicate with people.

  许多人变得反社会是因为他们沉迷于由互联网促成的虚拟世界。在这个虚拟世界,他们发现几乎可以做任何事情,比如聊天、玩游戏、购物,所以他们不再认为有必要与真实的人互动。渐渐地,他们失去了与人交往的兴趣,更糟糕的是,失去了与人交流的能力。

  解析

  (1)本段论述反社会现象的个原因:网络沉迷。先描写网络沉迷现象,然后点出其后果。

  (2)Be addicted to...沉迷于......

  (3)Virtual world虚拟世界

  (4)Interact with...与......交流互动

  03、There are others who hate mixing with people simply because they are afraid of doing that.Such people are usually from broken families or single-parent families.Without the proper guidance from their parents,they often suffer from an inferior complex and do not feel at ease when they are working,or chatting,with others,so they always choose to isolate themselves from the rest of the world.The number of this kind of people are on the rise,as the divorce rate globally keeps going up nowadays.

  还有一些人讨厌和人交往,只是因为他们害怕这样做。这些人通常来自破碎的家庭或单亲家庭。由于没有父母的正确引导,他们往往会有一种自卑情结,在与他人工作或聊天时感到不自在,所以他们总是选择与外界隔绝。随着当今全球离婚率的不断上升,这类人的数量正在上升。

  解析

  (1)本段讨论反社会现象的第二个原因:离婚率提升,导致长大后无法无人正常沟通的人数量增多。

  (2)Mix with与......交往

  (3)Single-parent family单亲家庭

  (4)Inferior complex自卑情结

  (5)Feel at ease感到自在

  (6)Isolate oneself from...把自己与......隔离开来

  (7)On the rise处于增长状态中;在上升

  (8)Globally全球范围内

  04、The more and more intense competition in today’s job market and work environment is also responsible.People tend to become hostile to each other when they are trying to secure a good job offer,or seeking an important promotion.In these cases,they show little respect to others.

  今天竞争越来越激烈的就业市场和工作环境也是原因之一。当人们试图获得一份好工作,或寻求一个重要的晋升时,他们往往会对彼此产生敌意。在这种情况下,他们很少尊重别人。

  解析

  (1)本段讨论反社会现象的第三个理由:工作竞争的原因。

  (2)Intense competition激烈的竞争

  (3)Job market就业市场

  (4)Work environment工作环境

  (5)Hostile不友好的;敌意的

  05、To deal with this negative development,the first thing to do is encourage people to go out of the Internet world and socialize with their neighbors,from which people will benefit a great deal more than their online experiences.The communities should create opportunities for people to interact with each other by organizing various kinds of events and activities.Finally,the situation would also be improved if all people were made to understand that a valuable life is not solely dependent upon a highly-paid job,but more on a harmonious relationship with other people.

  为了应对这种消极的发展,首先要鼓励人们走出网络世界,与邻居交往,人们从中获益比网上经验会多得多。社区应该通过组织各种各样的活动来创造人们相互交流的机会。最后,如果让所有人都明白,有价值的生活不仅仅取决于高薪工作,更取决于与他人的和谐关系,那么情况也会得到改善。

  解析

  (1)本段从三个方面提出解决办法。在这一部分,考生应该避免连续使用...should...这样的句式,而是应该考虑用多种方式来提出建议。

  (2)Socialize with...与......交往

  (3)Events活动;事件

  (4)Solely惟一地(=only,exclusively)

  (5)Be dependent upon/on...取决于......;依赖于......

  (6)Harmonious和谐的

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