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支招雅思:雅思口语表达如何增加细节?

作者: 2020-08-24 13:39 来源:合肥编辑
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  很多同学在私下与朋友聊天时侃侃而谈,然而一上考场回答问题,就立刻心慌气短胃痉挛,大脑一片空白,一张嘴就词穷,好不容易憋出一两句话,还要被追问一句"Why?"自我感觉非常可怜弱小又无助。

  所以今天我们就来聊一聊如何增加口语表达的细节,解决传说中“开局几个字,剩下全靠(考官)猜”的问题!

  官方解释Fluency and coherence

  官方在对Fluency and coherence的解释里,给出了这样一条提分建议:Build on your point of view by adding a few details.

  (雅思官方关于Fluency and coherence的建议)

  并给出了一个范例:

  Q:What do you do?

  A:I'm a teacher.

  A:I have been a high school mathematics teacher in New York for over 5 years.

  相比个回答,第二个回答明显给出了更多的细节:high school,mathematics,New York,5 years。这些细节让整个回答更丰富、详尽,同时也更能展现出考生的口语能力("is willing to speak at length"是"Fluency and coherence"6分对应的要求之一)。

  那么如何增加细节呢?

  增加细节的方法之一是:往具体了说。

  例1:How did you spend your last Saturday?

  大部分人给的答案都类似这样的:Well,I just stayed at home and did some housework.

  但是"stay at home"是个很笼统、概括的说法,宅在家里也会做很多具体的事,赖个床(get up late)、做个饭(make breakfast/brunch)、洗个衣服(do the laundry)、追个剧(binge watch...)、跟朋友聊会儿天(exchange some chitchat about...)、无聊刷个微博朋友圈(mindlessly scroll on social media)······都属于stay at home。

  举一反三,我们可以具体说说自己是怎么度过某一天的:

  Well,as a late sleeper,I got up at around 10 o'clock and made brunch for myself.Then I did the laundry while bing-watching a popular reality show.In the afternoon,I exchanged some chitchat about the show with my friend.And in the evening,I killed some time by mindlessly scrolling on social media.In truth,I spent the day as I spent every other Saturday.

  例2:Are you a tidy person?

  大部分人给的答案都类似这样的:No,I'm not this kind of person,because sometimes I mess up my room.

  "mess up my room"同样是个比较笼统、概括的说法,衣服不收拾、鞋子东一只西一只、书桌很乱、东西随手放······都会让房间看起来比较杂乱,你是哪一种呢?

  关于房间是否整洁,具体细节有:餐盘(a tray of flatware)放沙发上、咖啡桌上乱得像线下闲鱼交易现场(like a tiny garage sale)、给所有东西分类(sort...by...)/整理(organize vt.)/贴标签(label vt.),需要重新整理(straighten up vi.)、分门别类给衣服排序(organize vt.)

  记住这些具体的例子,就可以自信地来聊聊自己是否是个爱整洁的人了:

  No,I'm not this kind of person,and most of the time my room is a little messy.I'm so used to putting clothes on the couch when I'm home,and it rarely occurs to me that I should sort or organize things in my bedroom.I just dislike straightening up.

  最后,总结一下方法,那就是尽量避免过于笼统的表述,凡事说具体些,细节自然就有了,就达到"is willing to peak at length"这一要求了。

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